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TCM and the Summer Season

Summertime! Chinese Medicine and the Summer Season
By: Acufinder Magazine

The season filled with abundant energy, long days, and sunshine. This is the most yang time of year. Summer is about expansion, growth, activity, and creativity.

  • Element: Fire.
  • Color: Red.
  • Nature: Yang.
  • Organs: Heart, Small Intestine.
  • Emotion: Joy.

The Fire Element

Summer is the season of yang, a time when the body undergoes vigorous metabolic (body energy) processes. Several thousand years ago, The Medical Classic of the Yellow Emperor put forth the principle that one should cultivate the yang energy in spring and summer while protecting the yin energy in autumn and winter.

TCM teaches us that summer belongs to fire, one of the five elements. Fire is symbolic of maximum activity or greatest yang, which means that it is a time of heat, outgoingness, and moving outward in nature and in our lives. In human anatomy, the heart, mind, and spirit are ruled by the fire element. Thus, top priority should be given to the heart, mind, and spirit for staying healthy in summer.

Live Life to the Fullest

The heart’s main function is to pump oxygen-rich blood through the body. In Chinese medicine, mental activity is associated with the heart and therefore our memory, thought processes, emotional well-being, and consciousness are also attributed to the heart and fire element. This is a time to nourish and pacify our spirits, and to realize our life’s greatest potential as we find joy in our hot summer days and warm summer nights.

When the fire element is in balance, the heart is strong and healthy, the mind is calm and sleep is sound.

When the fire element is imbalanced, we may either lack joy (depression) or have an excess of joy (mania). Indicators of an imbalance in the fire element include agitation, nervousness, heartburn, and insomnia.

Tips for Summer Health

To prevent summer ills and remain in harmony with the environment of summer, ancient Chinese physicians advised:

  • Awaken earlier in the morning.
  • Go to bed later in the evening.
  • Rest at midday.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Add pungent flavors to your diet.
  • Refrain from anger; keep calm and even-tempered.

Ear Acupuncture

Salad Days: Eating Under the Sun

In summer, indigestion can easily occur, so a light and less-greasy diet are strongly recommended. It is the perfect season to introduce some cool, yin foods into your diet. Chinese nutrition classifies food according to its energetic qualities of temperature, taste, and ability to moisten and strengthen the body. Food with cool and cold properties can clear heat, reduce toxins, and generate body fluids.

In general, cooling foods tend towards the green end of the spectrum — lettuce, cucumbers, and watercress are some of the coolest. Few vegetables are warming. Fish and seafood are also cooling, while most meats are warming.

Here are some suggestions to keep you cool and balanced all summer long. These fruits and vegetables will help your body adjust its temperature and protect you during the long, hot summer days:

  • Watermelon
  • Apricot
  • Cantaloupe
  • Lemon
  • Peach
  • Orange
  • Asparagus
  • Sprouts
  • Bamboo
  • Bok choy
  • Broccoli
  • Chinese cabbage
  • Corn
  • Cucumber
  • White mushroom
  • Snow peas
  • Spinach
  • Summer squash
  • Watercress
  • Seaweed
  • Mung means
  • Cilantro
  • Mint
  • Dill

Woman Receiving Acupuncture

Other Helpful Tips for the Summer Season

  • Keep a pitcher of water with slices of lemon and cucumber with you and sip it throughout the day.
  • Eat in moderation. Overconsumption of any food, especially cooling foods, can lead to indigestion, sluggishness, and possibly diarrhea.
  • Do not leave your food out for too long. The hot weather tends to increase food spoilage.
  • Stay away from dairy, heavy, greasy, and fried foods.

Yintang: The Third Eye Point

Acupuncture has been found to be helpful with all types of emotional and mental disorders, from stress and anxiety to schizophrenia. Often used for such treatments is Yintang, a point located between the eyebrows — sometimes referred to as “the third eye.”

The Chinese translation for the acupuncture point, Yintang, is “hall of impression”. “Hall” is defined as a corridor or passageway, or the large entrance room of a house. An “impression” is defined as a strong effect produced on the intellect, emotions, or conscience. Thus, Yintang is the entrance or passageway to the mind.

“Hall of impression” is an appropriate name for this powerful point, which is used to calm the mind, enhance one’s ability to focus, soothe emotions, promote sleep, and relieve depression.

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Heart Pattern Differentiation and Treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine

The Fire element in TCM is governed by the heart, and small intestine. We, as acupuncturists consider the heart as the most important of all of the organs. Some of the heart's functions are closely related to Western medicine's thought in which it controls and regulates the flow of blood throughout the body, creates healthy tissue by blood flow, a warm body, and a regular pulse. It also supplies us with vim, and vigor. Ancient texts also state that the heart houses the Shen. Shen according to TCM is known as psyche, mind, or spirit. The heart is the residence of the mind. Balanced Shen can be seen in the bright, shining, clearness of the eyes in men, women, and children that are in good spirits, and experiencing joy in their lives. When Shen is out of balance, mental activity, consciousness, memory, thinking and sleep are affected. The heart and small intestine are the most alive, active, and accessible to health, healing and development in sweet summertime. All around us gardens are blossoming and bearing fruit. According to the ancient writings of Chinese medicine, The Inner Classic, this time of year expresses the Yang principles-expansion, growth, outward activity, lightness, and creativity. The heart and small intestine are the organs that we can create more balance in every summer. Each season has a profound influence on our health and well-being. If we do not learn to flow with the change of the seasons, as nature does, illness can occur. According to an Article by Middlekauff HR in Cardio/ Rev 2004 May-June, 12(3); 171-3, written about Acupuncture and the Heart; Research has shown that acupuncture can improve the health of patients who experience severe heart problems by dramatically reducing the activity in the sympathetic nervous system that regulates heartbeat and blood pressure. The study conducted through the Los Angeles School of Medicine suggests that acupuncture can be used "successfully with long-range results in improving hypertension, and it may also be beneficial in lowering sympathetic nerve activity." Over activation of the sympathetic nervous system is common with patients who suffer from heart problems. Over time, this may cause the heart to work harder, forcing blood to flow through blood vessels that are constricted due to heightened nerve activity. The study showed that sympathetic nerve activation was significantly reduced in those individuals who received acupuncture care compared to those who received a placebo. The lead physician in the study, Dr. Middlekauff suggests "that more study is needed before acupuncture can be recommended, but acupuncture has been used successfully and with long-range results in balancing hypertension, and it may also be beneficial in lowering sympathetic nerve activity."

Christmas Bear

 Integrating natural modalities in a health retreat that incorporates the acupoints, meridians, foods, essential oils, teas, exercises, and a healthy environment will benefit anyone with a Western diagnosis of : Cardiac failure, Cardiac disease, Arrhythmia, Reactive depression(neurosis), or Coronary Arteriosclerosis which are Heart Qi Deficiency patterns in TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). We can also balance anyone with a Western diagnosis of Anemia, Arrhythmia, Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Neurosis, Tachycardia which are Heart Yin Deficiency Patterns. Also, if you have a Western Diagnosis of Aesthenia, Anemia, Neurosis, Hyperthyroidism we can balance your heart using the integrated health system for Heart Blood Deficiency Pattern available in TCM. If you have a Western diagnosis of Cardiac Insufficiency, Cardiac Failure, Coronary arteriosclerosis, Depressive neurosis, shock, or Angina, we can work on the TCM pattern called Heart Yang Deficiency. For anyone with a Western diagnosed tongue ulcer condition, we can work on the TCM pattern of Hyperactivity of Heart Fire. For anyone with a Western Diagnosis of Angina, Coronary artery disease, Myocardial infarction, or Pericarditis we can work on the TCM pattern associated with Heart Blood Stagnation. For anyone with a Western medical diagnosis of Manic or Hypo-manic Psychosis, Schizophrenia, or Neurosis, we can work on the TCM pattern Phlegm Fire Disturbs Heart. And, for anyone with a Western diagnosis of Acute cerebrovascular accident, Depressive psychosis, or Encephalitis, we can work on the TCM pattern called Cold Phlegm Misting The Heart. Seasonal Health Retreats in the Summer are the best time to tonify or decrease excess energy in your heart and small intestine, so these vital organs can function in balance. It is important to understand that as the seasons flow within the world, they also flow within all of us.

Woman Running

To treat Heart Qi Deficiency with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Reinforcing and Strengthening the Heart Qi. Honey-Fried Licorice Decoction or Nourish the Heart Decoction are the formula's we use. And, the acupuncture points we use are Heart - 7, Pericardium - 6, Ren - 6, 14, and 17, Stomach - 36, and Urinary Bladder - 15. 

To treat Heart Yin Deficiency with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Nourishing Yin, Clearing Heat, Reinforcing the Heart, and Calming the Shen.  Reinforce Heart Decoction, Biota Seed  Pill to Nourish the Heart, or Emperor of Heaven Special Pill to Tonify the Heart are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are:  Heart - 7, Pericardium - 6, 7, Ren - 14, Urinary Bladder - 15. 

To treat Heart Blood Deficiency with TCM we use the Treatment Principle Of Nourishing Heart Blood, and Calming the Heart and Shen.  Tang Kuei Decoction To Tonify the Blood, Restore the Spleen Decoction, Nourish the Heart Decoction, or Biota Seed Pill to Nourish the Heart are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are: Heart - 7, Pericardium - 6, Spleen - 4, Pericardium - 7, Ren - 4, 14, Stomach - 36, Spleen - 1,6, Urinary Bladder - 15, 17, 20, and 44.

To treat Heart Yang Deficiency with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Warming the Yang, Tonifying Heart Qi, and Relieving Collapse.  Cinnamon Twig, Licorice, Dragon Bone and Oyster Shell Decoction, or Ginseng, and Prepared Aconite Decoction are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are  Du - 4, 25, Heart - 3, 5, 7, 8, Pericardium - 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Ren - 14, 17, Spleen - 6, Stomach - 36, Urinary Bladder - 15.

To treat Hyperactivity of Heart Fire with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Clearing Heat, Purging Fire, and Calming the Shen. Guide Out The Red Powder, Three Yellow Purge Heart Decoction, Cape Jasmine Fruit and Honeysuckle Decoction, Cinnabar Pill to Calm the Spirit, and Coptis and Ass-Hide Gelatine Decoction are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are:  Heart - 7, 8, Pericardium - 7, 8, and Urinary Bladder - 15.

Man and Woman Running

Man Running

To treat Heart Blood Stagnation with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Clearing Yang and Transforming Stagnation.  Trishosanthis Fruit, Chinese Chive and Wine Decoction  and Drive Out Stasis In The Mansion Of Blood Decoction are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are:  Heart - 6, 7, Pericardium - 5, 6, 7, 8, Ren - 14, 17, Spleen - 6, Urinary Bladder - 14, 15, 17, 44. 

To treat Phlegm Fire Disturbs Heart with TCM we use the Treatment Principles of Clearing Heart Fire, Resolving Phlegm, and Calming the Mind.  Pinellia, Atractylodes, Macrocephala and Gastrodia Decoction are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are:  Heart - 7, 8, Liver - 3, Pericardium - 6, 7, 8, Ren - 14, Spleen - 6, and Urinary Bladder - 15.

To treat Cold Phlegm Misting The Heart with TCM we use the Treatment Principles of Eliminating Phlegm, Opening the Heart, Restoring Consciousness, Strengthening the Spleen, and Subduing Wind if Present.  Guide Out Phlegm Decoction, Scour Phlegm Decoction, and Pinellia, Atractylodes, Macrocephalae and Gastrodia Decoction are the formula's we use.  And the acupuncture points we use are:  Du - 20, 26, Kidney - 1, Liver - 3, Stomach - 40, and bleeding the jing well points on the six hand channels to clear heat for the even method.  And, using Du - 15, Large Intestine - 4, 11, Heart - 5, Pericardium - 5, 6, and Urinary bladder - 20 as the reducing method for Mania.

Healthy Heart Program

Reflections by Patty Johnson, licensed Acupuncturist L.Ac. on Catherine Winters article in Prevention Magazine

Heart health is something that has been on my mind for a long time.  Since my husband had two heart attacks in the mid 90's, I have been developing modalities utilizing acupuncture, herbs, Tai Chi, Qigong exercises and positive emotion refocusing to lower and stabilize his blood pressure which was extremely high. When I say extremely high that is an understatement!  His B/P became dangerously high, 228/150 was his norm; after his second heart attack.  His B/P medication reduced his B/P to 205/120 which was still unacceptable, so I started utilizing acupuncture, herbs,exercises and positive emotion affirmations and it made a world of difference. He no longer needs to take his B/P medication his B/P is now 130/82 and his heart is stronger and healthier than ever.

I believe as an American that all the people who live in this country suffered heart trauma from the 2001, 911 attack.  The reason I believe this is based on the ancient literature in Traditional Chinese Medicine that states the emotional aspect of the heart when it is balanced is joy.  When the emotional aspect of the heart is imbalanced there is a lack of joy.  Each year since 911 occurred, I've felt that my family, friends and patients are missing  many of the qualities of life that produce the feelings of joy.  Our country suffered wounds and scars that produced and created animosity, a lack of trust and loss of collective self confidence. 

To help our people return to our pre 911 status, I decided to develop a program that would address all of the issues that occured in our body, mind and spirit due to this world shaking trauma.  I've refined my treatment over the years and would now like to offer my "Healthy Heart Program Package to my friends, relatives and clients for the entire year of 2014.

At the beginning of this year, I read an article in Prevention Magazine, titled "3 Ways to Make Yourself Heart Attack Proof," By Catherine Winters outlining some good heart health care tips.

In order for us to be heart healthy again, we need to utilize several different healing modalities. Here are three therapies that can have big heart payoffs according to Prevention Magazine with a few of my own tried and true methods highlighted:  

1.)  John Longhurst, MD, PhD, a cardiologist and director of the Susan Samueli Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of California, Irvine, states that stimulating a few key acupoints near the elbows and knees, releases neurotransmitters that travel to areas of the brain that regulate the cardiovascular system.  He also states that electroacupuncture, which uses battery driven needles is especially effective and it lets the acupuncturist standardize the amount of stimulation and adjust the frequency.  If you do this treatment on a weekly basis it can slash systolic blood pressure by up to 20 points, producing results on par with prescription medications such as ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.  He states that you can do these weekly acupuncture treatments with very few side effects or risks.

2.)  The positive payoff:  Stopping stress in its tracks sounds good, but can people really learn to change the way they react to upsetting situations?  If so can this response lower B/P?  Yes and yes, according to a study by Heart Math, a nonprofit research and education organization.  the researchers showed that practicing "positive emotional refocusing"--a technique that teaches you to interrupt your typical stress response by redirecting your attention--can significantly lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients after just three months of daily practice.  The results were promising: all participants saw their blood pressure drop, 12% were able to reduce their dose of blood-pressure-lowering-medication, and one went off the pills altogether.  Stress triggers a cascade of hard on your heart hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline--and positive refocusing sparks a counter flood of energizing feel-good hormones, short-cutting the stress response.  

Positive refocusing is easy to learn. When you feel anxiety coming on, identify what you're stressed out about, then hold the thought in your mind like a freeze-frame of a movie.  As you do this, breathe deeply for several minutes and focus your attention on your heartbeat.  Now identify a positive feeling such as appreciation for a pet or loved one.  this calms your emotions and shifts your attention away from negative thoughts,"says Deborah Rozman, PhD, a behavioral psychologist.  Though it can be tough to let go of negative thoughts when your fuming, regularly practicing this positive refocusing technique can result in fewer stressed-out moments overall.  Even if you can't find the recommended 10 minutes a day for positive thinking, a couple of minutes here or there helps. 

Stress relief is a big part of taking a load off of your heart.  Acupuncture has been known for thousands of years as a way to retrain your brain to be in parasympathetic mode, instead of sympathetic mode, which is your flight or fight syndrome.  Once we insert the filaments in the specific points for stress relief, your body will start to calm down and your parasympathetic nervous system will actually kick in.  When this happens you will feel cool, calm and collected.  Acupuncture treatments will lower stress, alleviate anxiety, rejuvenate your body, mind and spirit and bring you to a balanced state.

3.)  According to Prevention Magazine, by practicing the ancient disciplines of Tai Chi (a Chinese meditation in motion) combined with Qi Gong (a deep breathing exercise), and Qi Gong walking exercises, you can reduce stress and have a powerful effect on metabolic syndrome (a cluster of five conditions that ups your risk of heart disease).  It can work by reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure and trimming waist size by at least an inch, according to a study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

In conclusion, I feel that a weekly session of these three modalities along with taking customized herbal prescriptions will improve your heart health.  To stand behind my convictions, I am going to offer a "healthy heart program package" at my office, beginning January 2015 through December 2015. The total program will include weekly stress relief and B/P controlling acupuncture, Shyun style Tai Chi, Qi gong walking, and customized herbal formulas.

Making your heart healthy is a personal choice, but one that will pay big dividends in the personal joy that you experience with your life.  Taking back your self confidence, and your sense of trust, along with relieving your animosity will finally be available through our all inclusive program.  We will do our best to help all Americans return to a heart healthy status in our Wellness Center.

Call today (909) 989-3223 or stop by for an appointment at 8645 Haven Ave. Suite 550, Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730. Total price for this program will be $200.00 per month.

Understanding the Effects of Chinese Medicine on Heart Health

Scientists Help Explain Effects of Ancient Chinese Herbal Formulas on Heart Health

New research at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston suggests that ancient Chinese herbal formulas used primarily for cardiovascular indications including heart disease may produce large amounts of artery-widening nitric oxide. Findings of the preclinical study by scientists in the university's Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine for the Prevention of Human Diseases (IMM) appear in the Sept. 15 print issue of the journal Free Radical Biology & Medicine.

Nitric oxide is crucial to the cardiovascular system because it signals the inner walls of blood vessels to relax, which facilitates the flow of blood through the heart and circulatory system. The messenger molecule also eliminates dangerous clots, lowers high blood pressure and reduces artery-clogging plaque formation.

The results from this study reveal that ancient Chinese herbal formulas "have profound nitric oxide bioactivity primarily through the enhancement of nitric oxide in the inner walls of blood vessels, but also through their ability to convert nitrite and nitrate into nitric oxide," said Nathan S. Bryan, Ph.D., the study's senior author and an IMM assistant professor.

Herbal formulas are a major component of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs), which also include acupuncture and massage. "TCMs have provided leads to safe medications in cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes," said C. Thomas Caskey, M.D., IMM director and CEO. "The opportunity for Dr. Bryan's work is outstanding given that cardiac disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the United States."

In the study, researchers performed laboratory tests on DanShen, GuaLou and other herbs purchased at a Houston store to assess their ability to produce nitric oxide. Ancient Chinese herbal formulas used primarily for cardiovascular indications are made up of three to 25 herbs. The formulas can be administered as tablets, elixirs, soups and teas.


IMAGE: Shedding new light on ancient Chinese herbal formulas for cardiovascular indications from left to right are: Yong-Jian Geng, M.D., Ph.D.; Yaoping Tang, M.D., Nathan S. Bryan, Ph.D.; and Harsha Garg....

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Most Chinese herbal formulas marketed in the United States are not considered drugs by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said Yong-Jian Geng, M.D., Ph.D., study co-author and cardiology professor at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston. They are considered dietary supplements and are not regulated as strictly as drugs.

Scientists also tested the capacity of the store-bought TCMs to widen blood vessels in an animal model. "Each of the TCMs tested in the assays relaxed vessels to various degrees," the authors stated.

"Further studies should be considered in humans, particularly those with cardiac indications," Geng said. "Hopefully, we will have more data to report in the near future."

While fully integrated into the healthcare systems in some parts of Asia, ancient Chinese herbal formulas are often considered alternative medicines in Western nations. Part of the reason, according to Bryan, may be that until recently little was known about how they work.

"The next step is to identify the active components of the TCMs that are responsible for producing the NO. We are currently trying to isolate and identify the active component or components," Bryan said.

Yaoping Tang, M.D., an IMM postdoctoral fellow, was the lead author of the study titled "Nitric oxide bioactivity of traditional Chinese medicines used for cardiovascular indications." Also collaborating on the study was Harsha Garg, an IMM senior research assistant.

Bryan is the editor of a new book titled "Food, Nutrition and the Nitric Oxide Pathway: Biochemistry and Bioactivity" published by DesTech Publishing and works in the IMM Center for Cell Signaling directed by Ferid Murad, M.D., Ph.D., who won the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for his work with nitric oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system. Bryan and Geng are on the faculty of The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston.

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Small Intestine Pattern Differentiation and Treatment with Traditional Chinese Medicine

Pattern Differentiation and Treatment of the Small Intestine

The small intestine is the controller of the reception, transformation, and separation of fluids and solids. It's action is: The small intestine receives food and fluids from the stomach and transforms them by separating the pure from the impure, sending the refined pure essence up to be dispersed throughout the entire body. the impure are flushed down to your large intestine and bladder to be excreted. Thus it influences bladder function (scanty urination or excessive urination). The small intestine is the longest organ in the body. It is more than fifteen feet in length and over an inch in diameter. Integrating natural modalities in a health retreat that incorporates the acupoints, meridians, foods, essential oils, teas, exercises, and a healthy environment will benefit anyone with a Western diagnosis of Hernia which is stagnant qi of the small intestine in TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). Also, If you have a Western diagnosis of Chronic dysentery, or Chronic enteritis, we can balance your small intestine by using the TCM pattern treatment for Deficient cold of the small intestine. Or, if you have a Western diagnosis of Urinary tract infection, or Stomatitis we can work on the TCM pattern called Excess heat in the small intestine. Seasonal health retreats in the Summer are the best time of year to tonify or decrease excess energy in the small intestine.

Man Drinking Shake


Woman Smiling After Working Out

To treat Stagnant Qi of the Small Intestine with TCM we use the Treatment Principle of Eliminating Blockage, and Moving Qi in the Small Intestine.  Pills of Tangerine Seed, or The Lindera Root Powder are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are Gall Bladder - 34, Liver - 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 13, Ren - 4, 6, 12, Spleen - 6, Stomach - 25, 37, 39, and Moxa is used if there are signs of coldness. 

To treat Deficient Cold of the Small Intestine we use the Treatment Principle of Warming the Small Intestine, Tonifying the Small Intestine, Expelling Cold in the Interior, or Tonifying the Spleen.  Regulate the Middle Pill, or Prepared Aconite Pill to Regulate the Middle are the formula's we use.  And, the acupuncture points we use are:  Liver - 13, Ren - 4, 12, Spleen - 3, Stomach - 25, 37, 39, Urinary Bladder - 20, 27.  Moxa is used in cold conditions. 

To treat Excess Heat in the Small Intestine we use the Treatment Principle Clear Excess Heat and Promote Diuresis, Eliminate Heat in the Small Intestine. or Clear Heat from the Heart.  The formula we use is Guide Out the Red Powder,  And, the points we use are:  Heart - 5, 8, Liver - 2, Pericardium - 7, Ren - 3, 4, Small Intestine - 8, Spleen - 6, 9, 10, Urinary Bladder - 27.

13 Facts About Heart Disease Every Woman Needs to Know, from New York-Presbyterian Hospital

  • Women are more likely to die from heart disease than men.
  • Despite outreach efforts, 45 percent of women still don't know that heart disease is the leading cause of death for women in the United States.
  • Women are less inclined to call 911 when they belive they may be experiencing heart atttack symptoms.
  • Cardiovascular disease complicates up to four percent of pregnancies, and that number has been increasing.
  • Women's heart attack sympoms are different from men's. Forty percent of women having heart attacks experience no chest pain. They may experience shortness of breath,nausea,palpitations,jaw discomfort or overwhelming fatigue.
  • 70 percent of women ages 25-60 get an annual physical,but just 40 percent report having their heart health assessed during these visits.
  • During pregnancy, hypertension is the most common acquired medical condition. Congenital heart disease is the most common pre-existing condition.
  • Women experiencing heart attacks are less likely to receive the recommended medications to treat it or they get them much later compared to men. Every second counts during a heart attack- time is muscle.
  • Women are less likely to be referred for cardiac rehab after a heart attack.
  • The incidence of maternal cardiovascular disease appears to be growing,likely due to increasing maternal age, cardiovascular risk factors and life span of patients with congenital heart disease.
  • Women's heart disease is under-researched: only 35 percent of participants in clinical trials of cardiovascular disease are women and just 31 percent of the studies report outcomes by gender.
  • Death rates due to heart disease increased last year for the first time since 1993. Deaths rates have beeen increasing in young women (age29-45)since 2000.
  • Pre-eclampsia is an independent predictor of developing cardiovascular disease women who have had pre-eclampsia should be mindful of having their blood pressure,fasting glucose and cholesteral checked annually.